The Verve Intellectual Property Case: A Bittersweet Example


Intellectual property's tentacles are long and strong. Maybe the largest battlefield in IP is the music industry. Composer, producers, interpreters and license owners might get unexpectedly involved in legal battles regarding the misuse or abuse of a song of their property. Sometimes it is just something as little as a sample of the song but are legal frictions can deal with millions and millions of dollars.

Time is not an issue to underestimate when dealing with Intellectual Property. If by any chance, you use a song that was written forty years ago, and one of its owners is still alive, he/she can claim unfair use and suddenly, legal lawsuits can flood your desk. When working with someone else's work, you should be extremely careful, no matter if you already got permission to use it.

In 1997, the British band The Verve sampled an orchestration in one of their songs, "Bittersweet Symphony", from the Rolling Stones' "The Last Time". Prior the release of the album, the group did the proper negotiations concerning the license agreement with the Rolling Stones to utilize the sample. When the album came out, the song was a complete hit and reached number 23 on the Billboard Charts. After the sudden success of the song, the Rolling Stones argued that The Verve violated their license agreement because they use too much of the sample in their song. The Rolling Stones ended up collecting 100% of the loyalties of the song. Members of The Verve argued that the Stones got greedy when they noticed the sudden success of "Bittersweet Symphony".

As a result, the Rolling Stones sold the rights over the "Bittersweet Symphony" and it became part of many commercials and publicities. Allen Klein, Rolling Stones' manager licensed the song to Nike and to Vauxhall automobiles. Both brands utilize the melody for multi-million dollar television campaigns. Even worse, when the song was nominated for a Grammy, The Verve was not named as a nominee, but Mick Jagger and Keith Richards were. This is just a little example of moral rights dealing with intellectual property. The song hit top of the charts and not one members of The Verve enjoyed a cent of its success.

If these types of situations happen with amazing groups, who supposedly are not interested in more money, anything can happen to regular people who may get exposed to these inconveniences. Get acquainted with the respective regulations and laws so that no economical issues may come up in case you are planning to use someone else's inspiration!

Great Opportunity For Music


The most important thing to know when learning how to play guitar is practice! When learning new things by doing the work, simple. By saying that, it is by playing guitar, not pulling the strings with no reason at all. And when practicing, there is one thing one should never do and that is to never ever do it in a rush, but to take time and the results are guaranteed to come.The next important thing is to get organized while learning new stuff. To start at the beginning and start playing simple chords and stuff like that.

When playing guitar, it is recoemmended to remain as relaxed as possible, relieving the tension off. The tension in the body prevents from playing correctly and this is the wrong way.Practicing every single day, if that is possible, and never quit for a longer period of time is important too. This is not the way to learn how to play guitar, it does no good for playing. So, getting habitual at playing guitar is the way to go.The other important thing, when learning how to play guitar is to play the favorite music. When playing guitar, using a metronome is actually a must. It can and will improve timing and make playing sound better for sure. When finding a problem, it is recommended to overcome that problem first and only then going on to the next one. When becoming persistent and learning how to play guitar the right way, the results come quickly and playing gets better and better.Recent upheaval has affected the major record labels, powered by economic fluctuation, the MP3 revolution, online music piracy, home recording technologies and the amazing growth of the personalized listening experience (iPods, etc). Radio is losing its dominance as well… and is now just one of many forces that influence whose music one listens to. In fact, personal referrals from friends is just about the only force that remains unfazed by changes in technology… and, in fact, it's probably more important than ever.This is great news for independent musicians (also known as "indies"). Anyone can make an album these days, and anyone can afford a web site… allowing them to take their music directly to their potential audience without interference from managers and labels. As a result, more and more talented and inspired artists are writing songs, recording albums and trotting their music out before live audiences.Most of these artists have also discovered that it helps to make some of their music available for free (and legal) MP3 download. By picking a good, strong song or two and putting it on their web site (or another site devoted exclusively to free music downloads), these songs become evangelistic forces for their music… working for them 24/7/365.

MP3 music is not hindered by geographical boundaries or time zones. In many cases (especially instrumentals), it's unaffected by language differences as well. And it's no longer even slightly unusual for an artist to record a song in their little bedroom studio and post it online… while someone downloads it and is listening to it in their car or bedroom on the other side of the world just a matter of hours later!Of course, there's still a lot of mediocre (and even downright BAD) music out there. This is where the power of personal referral really kicks in. When someone discovers some music that really turns them on, and then shares it with their friends… the cream truly rises to the top. If they go a step further and purchase an album or pay to download more MP3 tracks, the artist is encouraged and can afford to put more time into honing their skills and creating new music. The good stuff thrives and the mediocre stuff dies off. independent music succeed. Support quality where you find it. Share it with your friends. Pick up a copy of their CD or pay to download more songs. Catch the artist in concert when you can. Send them an email telling them how much their music means to you. Everyone wins when we actively support great music!

Playback Singing With Roop Kumar Rathod


Indian cinema aka Bollywood has become a hot topic today. It is one of those things that has helped India become globally recognized. Bollywood is a huge industry with hundreds of components attached to it. It is a perfect example of absolute co-ordination between actors, directors, producers and infinitely more. Bringing a movie together isn't as easy as watching and enjoying it is. There are a lot of elements involved. And when we talk about Bollywood, how can we forget the songs? In fact, the songs of a movie significantly help in increasing its popularity even before its release! In the olden days, the actors themselves sang the songs so if u intended to be an actor, an exceptionally good voice was a pre-requisite. It was not until the concept of play back singing was introduced, this concept was drawn out. Just to get it right across your head, a play back singer is someone whose songs are pre-recorded for use in movies. Indian film industry has produced some exceptionally good play back singers. Asha Bhosle, Lata Mangeshkar, Falguni Pathak are some female and Mohammed Rafi, Kishore Kumar, Gurdas Mann and Roop Kumar Rathod are a few male play back singers the Indian film industry very proudly boasts of. All these singers have achieved great success in their established field. Continuing with the article, I have discussed the life and successes of roop kumar rathod. Son of the classical luminary, late Pandit Chaturbhuj Rathod, Roop Kumar Rathod is one of the best playback singers and music director, the industry has ever seen.

Pandit Rathod was known for his exceptional mastery over one of the most rare and arguably the oldest form of singing, Dhrupad. Roop Kumar Rathod is known around Bollywood for his play back singing. He started his career in music as a tabla player, drawing inspiration from his father. He mastered the art of playing table very well and went on to become one of the most sought after tablists by almost all Ghazal singers. He is known to have performed with various known names in the industry, like Anuj Jalota, Lata Mangeshkar and many more.

His singing earned him a lot of respect in the Indian Music Industry. After many years of being involved with singing ghazals, he decided to change his career path and looked into new options, he entered the world of play back singing. He got his first break in the year 1989 with the song, ''main tera aashiq hoon'', composed by Laxminkanth pyarelal for the movie Gumraah. In his entire career so far, he has given many hit songs. "Sandese aate he" in the film Border was his major break-through. Maula mere maula, noor e nazar, shikayat he are some of the major songs he has sung through his singing career.

Lesson 08 Major Scales


To musicians that are heavy into learning theory scales are considered the most inmportant thing in music. You can break everything except rhythms down into scales. Melodies, chords and solos can all be broken down into scales. Scales are a series of notes that when played together give a certain feeling or style to a song. Some scales sound bluesy and some sound sad. If you were to step up to a piano and play C, D, E, F, G, A, B you would have played the Cmaj scale.

Chromatic Scale / Sharps and Flats

The first thing you should know is the notes of the guitar. There are only 12 possible notes in music. The reason there are so many keys on a keyboard and frets on a guitar is because you can play each of the 12 notes in different octaves. When you play a note an octave up it reduces the wavelength of the note by have making it higher pitched. Some notes have symbols next to them, a 'b' stands for flat and a '#' stand for sharp. Another symbol is the natural sign which looks like a box with two appendages.

The natural notes are simply A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. But there are also sharps (#) and flats(b) for some of the notes. A sharp makes a note a half step or one fret higher in pitch, a flat does he opposite and makes a note a half step or one fret lower in pitch. With these sharps and flats included the 12 possible notes are A, Bb, B, C, Db, D, Eb, E, F, F#, G and G#. This would make the A chromatic scale. Notice there isn't a Cb or Fb, make sure you can name these notes in order of the top of your head.

The top half of this chart is the chromatic scale. And the bottom half is the Cmaj scale. Notice that there is no sharp or flat between E and F and also no sharp or flat between B and C. Keep note of this. Also since each note in the chromatic scale is a half step away, if we make G flat then it will be the same tone as F#, the same goes for a Cb, which is the same tone as B.

Major Scale Pattern

Now to actually learn the major scale pattern. If we were to take the chromatic scale and take out a few of the notes we can easily construct a major scale. The major scale pattern is Step, Step, Half, Step, Step, Step, Half. Remember a Step is 2 frets and a half step is one fret. So if we were to take the chromatic scale starting on C and play only the notes in the major scale pattern we would have C, D, E, F, G, A, B, this is the C major scale.